In a previous post, I described the names for the different lengths of pearl necklaces. These length names can also apply to other necklaces. I have also discussed the different types of chains in another post. Necklaces can also be categorized using the different terms as outlined below:
A bavette is a necklace made of different lengths brought together at the clasp.
The word ‘bavette’ comes from the French word meaning ‘bib’.
A bib necklace is a necklace which has a bib like shape, with hanging strands of beads or gemstones or other decorative elements.
A ‘chute’ refers to a pearl necklace with smaller pearls near the clasp.
Collière d’Esclavage (Slave Necklace)
These were particularly popular during the Georgian era.
These necklaces are characterized as cameos or plaques or other decorative elements connected by chains or cords.
Dog Collar (Collier de Chien)
This is a necklace that fits close to the neck, normally quite wide.
The fashion, widespread in the Edwardian era, was begun by Queen Alexandra who reportedly wore them to hide a scar on her neck.
This is a necklace which has dangling elements circling the neck.
This style was particularly popularized in the archaeological revival styles of the late 19th century and again in the 1950s.
Lariat necklaces have a noose shape that goes around the neck. They can be tightened by pulling the ends of the necklace up toward the throat or loosened by pulling the necklace downward.
Lavallière (lavalier or lavaliere)
This refers to a necklace, usually of chain, with a single drop pendant, often a pearl.
This style of necklace was especially popular around 1900.
The name comes from Louise Françoise de La Baume Le Blanc, duchesse de La Vallière (1644-1710), mistress of Louis XIV.
Coincidentally, lavallière it is also the French word for ‘cravat’.
This is a type of pendant, usually disc or circular shaped.
This is a necklace comprised often of fine chain links but not necessarily with two parallel pendants suspended at slightly different heights.
This type of necklace began to be popular around 1900.
A pendant refers to a singular decorative element usually hanging from a chain or ribbon, but can also be hanging from a beaded or other kind of necklace.
These are necklaces made of gemstones all of the same size or graduating that go all the way around the necklace.
Popular since around 1750 until today.
A sautoir is a long necklace with an ornament or tassel hanging from the bottom.
The fashion for sautoir necklaces became particularly very popular in the early part of the 20th century through the Art Deco period.
A torsade is a necklace or bracelet comprised of lengths of beads or chain that are twisted.
Sources / further reading:
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